Ossa is surrounded by a picturesque historic Rawa territory, the central city of which is Rawa Mazowiecka located near the modern S8 expressway, which makes it perfectly connected with every business centre of Poland. Historically, it is a former Duchy of Rawa, in the years 1462-1795 it was the seat of the Rawa province. The nearby Biała Rawska – currently one of the biggest communes in Poland where the Ossa centre is located – used to be a seat of castellany and subsequently a district, and together with Rawa, Mszczonów, Sochaczew, Gostynin and Gąbiń district it used to form the rawskie province, stretching from the Pilica to the Vistula river. It is the land of a great tradition and magnificent history, as well as beautiful, untouched nature and tranquil atmosphere – there is no cumbersome big industry here.
Ossa is located in Mazowsze Zachodnie, also called Rawskie, marked with interesting history, cultural distinctiveness, fantastic folklore. It is known for folk costumes (worn until today) with the characteristic three black stripes on the women’s woollen garments to honour the king Casimir III the Great who frequently visited the Duchy of Rawa in the 14th century and built the castles in Rawa and Inowłódz. Currently the tourists may visit the renovated tower of the castle in Rawa, and the outline of the former square formation, as well as the partly reconstructed castle in Inowłódz.
It is an area of particular historic, cultural and tourist interest.
One of the main features of the land was the Jesuit college in Rawa (where mainly sons of the nobility were educated). Its buildings survived to this day (in the centre of Rawa, at the market square), and the famous graduates include Jan Chryzostom Pasek (who died in 1701), a well-known diarist, who was both a great and brave knight supporting many hetmans and the King Jan III Sobieski, and a troublemaker.
The Ossa complex is surrounded by Mazovian forests and lies by the Białka river – tributary of the Rawka river. There are numerous ponds and beaches nearby. The centre is adjacent to a 30 ha historic park that used to be a manor park with several ponds being the habitat of numerous species of water birds.
There are beautiful palace & park complexes situated in the immediate vicinity of Ossa, in the area of Biała Rawska, Rawa Mazowiecka, Sadkowice and Regnów communes (only several dozen minutes to get by car): Biała Rawska (a romantic castle from the 19th century), Babsk, Wola Chojnata; Podsędkowice manor and restored mill, palace in Kaleń in the neighbouring Sadkowice commune; the manor in Jajkowice used by a well-known choreographer and director Janusz Józefowicz or the manor in Rylsk Duży in the area of which one of the most popular disco polo discotheques named “Baba Jaga” was created.
The surroundings of Rawa and Biała Rawska are well-known for numerous monuments widely described on the websites of the mentioned above communes, such as beautiful old churches, baroque roadside shrines, granaries or old inns – the nearest one being a Napoleonic inn from the beginning of the 19th century located in Babsk. In the summer period, a one-hundred-year-old narrow-gauge train takes passengers from Rogów through Rawa to Biała Rawska.
Furthermore, history lovers can find a lot of historic monuments here, such as fortifications, trenches, war cemeteries, commemorative plaques or memorials due to the fact that during the first world war the front line crossed the area, and during the second world war the “Dzik” AK (Home Army) well-known unit fought here and was defeated by Germans in November 1944 after a night-long battle in Szwejki Wielkie. There are Jewish cemeteries in Rawa and Biała as well as other traces of the Jewish community which constituted about 70 % of the inhabitants of Rawa before the second world war.
In Rawa and Biała Rawska several big modern bathing areas have been recently built, and you can try canoeing on the Rawka and Białka rivers. Moreover, a modern swimming pool with a spa centre has been opened in Rawa. Horse riding lovers can find several stables here and a fantastic area for their hobby – the Horse-riding Trail of Łódź crosses this area. Extensive forests, charming fields and meadows make this place ideal for cyclists and hikers who can choose from among several designated hiking trails. It is not rare to see here a pheasant, a hare, a fox or a roe deer crossing a field or grazing on the meadows.
Every season in Ossa, in the Rawa area, is full of charm and rich in gifts of nature. The surroundings of Biała Rawska are a well-known fruit plant centre growing mainly strawberries, apples, cherries, pears and berries, so in the summer season fresh fruit is available straight from the orchard.
A great incentive to visit the area, stay here or even maybe move here, may be a perfect technical infrastructure – new hard-surfaced roads everywhere. You can reach Warsaw by car in 40 minutes, Łódź in about 60 minutes, and Krakow in about 2 hours. WG